Today there are more than 250 disease states that can all be classified as an Immune Deficiency. They are all chronic disorders where the body’s immune system does not function properly. They are caused by genetic defects and range in severity, some missing just one immune system defense while others miss multiple components. When you have a weakened immune system you are more susceptible to catching other infections.
Treatment of Immune Deficiency
Depending on the specific Immune Deficiency different treatment options are available. For many patients immunoglobulin (Ig) therapy is very effective. Immunoglobulin means a piece of the blood plasma that contains antibodies. There are different types of Ig present in the body, IgG, IgM, IgA, IgD, and IgE. Ig replacement therapy is made from the plasma of healthy individuals who have been carefully screened to ensure no other disease are present. Ig therapy does not cure the individual it only replaces the immunoglobulin until it is metabolized by the body and then must be replaced. Depending on the product and route of administration repeat doses are needed every few days to every few weeks for the duration of the patient life. Intravenous infusions in an infusion center or outpatient clinic or subcutaneous injections in the patients home are all possible options for treatment. Medication therapies should be tailored to the patient’s lifestyle and disease type made by discussions with the health care provider.
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